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Why Procedures Are Important

from The First Days of School by Harry Wong


A procedure is not a discipline plan. Neither is a procedure a threat, a rule, or an order. A procedure is simply a method or process for how things are to be done in the classroom.


Since a PROCEDURE is how you want something done, it is the responsibility of the teacher to have procedures clearly stated. A ROUTINE is what a student does automatically without prompting or supervision. Thus a routine becomes a habit, practice, or custom for the student.

Procedures are necessary for an effective classroom for several reasons.


✔️Classroom procedures are statements of student expectations necessary to participate successfully in classroom activities, to learn, and to function effectively in the school environment.


✔️Classroom procedures allow many different activities to take place efficiently during the school day, often several at the same time, with a minimum of wasted time and confusion.


✔️Classroom procedures increase on-task time and reduce classroom disruptions.


✔️Classroom procedures tell a student how things operate in a classroom, thus reducing discipline problems.


Students are less likely to act up in frustration, trying to figure out what the teachers wants, if the classroom procedures are clearly stated.


Tell your students that classroom procedures are for their benefit. Following procedures will help them do their work with less confusion and thus help them to succeed. Knowledge of classroom procedures tells your students such things as these:


What they are to do when you want their attention

Where to find the assignment

How a paper is to be done

Where you want the paper placed

What they are to do when they enter the classroom

How to respond when they hear an emergency alert

What to do if they want to sharpen a pencil


Every class needs to have a set of procedures. Procedures allow a class to operate smoothly. A smooth-running, effective class is free of confusion and is a pleasure to teach and to learn in.


A smooth-running class is the responsibility of the teacher, and it is based on the teacher’s ability to teach procedures.


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Coaching Moment:


For Those Who Believe They Don’t Have Time to TEACH Procedures:

In the past, I have met teachers who said they don’t have time to teach procedures because they have so much curriculum to cover. I understand. The demands put on teachers and students seems to be growing every year.

My response to those teachers is, if you have that much curriculum to cover, you can’t afford NOT to teach procedures. The instructional time you gain when your class understands expectations and has set routines pays off every single day for the entire year. Gone is the stress of controlling a class and the time lost to multiple warnings and repeated requests. When students understand and follow procedures, you create a culture of learning and actually have time and energy to teach and respond to students’ learning needs rather than behavior problems.


For Those Who Believe They Want Students to Feel Comfortable Without a Lot of Restrictions:

I have also heard teachers say they want students to feel comfortable and relaxed and not have such a structured environment. I understand. The research tells us that students who feel relaxed and not filled with anxiety actually learn better.

My response to those teachers is, students feel safe, comfortable, and ready for what comes next when they have structure. There is freedom within the framework of procedures. Once students have routines, small group work, creative projects, and movement around the classroom all become less stressful because everyone knows what to expect and how to behave. The culture of learning becomes respected and even revered. Students need and want specific guidelines. When they have a target behavior within a procedure, they can more easily self-regulate and feel good about themselves and the class when they hit that target behavior. So, teachers who truly want to create a relaxed learning environment can’t afford NOT to teach procedures.


For Those Who Didn’t Explicitly Teach Procedures at the Beginning of the Year, But Want to Implement Them Now:

If you did not spend much time on procedures at the beginning of the year and you feel your classes would benefit from them, it’s not too late. The best time to introduce new procedures is at the beginning of a new week, a new unit, a new quarter, or a new semester.


On the day you introduce the procedures, consider having a learning target like this:

I can understand why we have new procedures and how to follow them and demonstrate my understanding as I practice and follow all of the procedures.


Before introducing and handing out your procedures, let students know that you’ve been studying highly effective learning environments and you’ve learned that having explicit procedures helps students learn better. Because their learning is your number one priority, you’ve developed a few procedures that will help them be more successful in your class. These procedures are non-negotiable and will create more equity and fairness in the class because it’s not fair when just a few people are disturbing or ruining the learning environment for everyone else.


Regardless of when you introduce your classroom procedures, be sure to follow the Three-Step Approach to Teacher Classroom Procedures. If you talk about the procedures one day and don’t complete the process of teaching, demonstrating, practicing, and reinforcing, you can expect that your students will behave however they want instead of how you want.

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The Three-Step Approach to Teacher Classroom Procedures


Most behavior problems in the classroom are caused by the teacher’s failure to teach students how to follow procedures.



The Three Steps to Teaching Procedures


  1. Explain: State, explain, model, and demonstrate the procedure.
  2. Rehearse: Students rehearse and practice the procedure under your supervision.
  3. Reinforce: Reteach, rehearse, practice, and reinforce the classroom procedure until it becomes a student habit or routine.




Step 1. Explain the Classroom Procedures Clearly


Effective teachers know what activities need to be done and have worked out the procedures for each of them. These procedures are posted or distributed to the students early in the school year or when the activity surfaces in class.


It is urgent that you have procedures for each opening of school activity ready for the first day of school. Revise and hone these procedures year after year until they become models of efficiency.


Explain


✔️Define the procedure in concrete terms.

✔️Demonstrate the procedure; don’t just tell.

✔️Demonstrate a complex procedure step by step.



Step 2: Rehearse Classroom Procedures Until They Become Routines.

Effective teachers spend a good deal of time during the first weeks of school introducing, teaching, modeling, and rehearsing procedures. Do not expect students to learn all the procedures in one day. Behaviors must be taught, modeled, practiced, monitored, and retaught.


Watch a good music, athletic, or foreign-language coach. Such people are masters at the rehearsal technique. They tell and show you a technique, even have you watch a video of the technique. Then they have you do it repeatedly while they watch you. Some people call this technique “guided practice.”


Rehearse


✔️Have students practice the procedure, step by step, under your supervision. After each step, make sure that the students have performed the step correctly.


✔️Have the students repeat procedure until it becomes a routine. The students should be able to perform the procedure automatically without teacher supervision.


Step 3. Reinforce a Correct Procedure and Reteach an Incorrect One


Again, watch a coach because good coaches are the best teachers. As the coach guides a tema, class, or student through practice, corrections are made instantly. They tell, show, demonstrate, cajole, and even yell, “Do it right!”


And when it is done right, there are words of praise, hugs, pats, and smiles. But good coaches don’t stop there. They reinforce the correct technique by having the student do the acquired technique over and over again, each time exhorting the student to do better.



Reinforce


✔️Determine whether students have learned the procedure or whether they need further explanation, demonstration, or practice.


✔️Reteach the correct procedure if rehearsal is unacceptable, and give corrective feedback.


✔️Praise the students when the rehearsal is acceptable.



Using the Three-Step Approach to Teach Procedures


The following are examples of how some procedures are taught. You may not need or want them, but note how each procedure is taught. Then substitute your own procedure, using the explain, rehearse, reinforce technique described.


✔️How to have a class working when the bell rings

✔️How to quiet a class and have their attention
✔️How to dismiss a class

 

Posted by HWENNING  On Dec 20, 2018 at 9:01 AM
  

Playposit Interactive Videos Playposit is a content creation tool supplied by our district that permits users (teachers and students) to make interactive videos called “Bulbs.” Playposit integrates seamlessly with our district’s learning management system, Canvas.


Here are a few reasons why you would want to use Playposit in Canvas.

  1. Single Sign-on: Instructors and learners are never prompted to enter a separate email, username or password to create or view content
  2. Auto-sync course data: We manage learner-course relationships, eliminating the need to manually create courses or upload rosters
  3. Auto-sync grades: Learner grades are synced immediately with the Canvas gradebook at the end of a bulb. As well, instructors can access the rich analytics from any PlayPosit link within Canvas.
  4. Co-instructor collaboration: Multiple instructors, instructional designers and TAs can access their own PlayPosit content and manage any shared course content, like bulbs and analytics.
  5. Course copy: Instructors can save time by seamlessly translating PlayPosit links to recurring courses. The new course and learner roster is automatically synced and previous data is cleared.
  6. Content Item Message (CIM): Instructors can instantly access and embed their PlayPosit content from the rich text editor of any Assignment, Module or Page


You can learn more about using Playposit in Canvas by visiting the Playposit Knowledge Base.

Posted by MBRENNER  On Dec 18, 2018 at 1:52 PM
  

You may know that it is important to use Closed Captioning for students with hearing difficulties. However, ALL learners can benefit from their teachers using closed captioning. This blog post will give some insight into some of the "hidden" benefits of using closed captioning as well as HOW you can use the closed captioning features in You Tube and during Google Slides presentations.


"Hidden" Benefits of Closed Captioning for ALL learners

It increases viewer flexibility. Closed captioning allows viewers to watch the video even when access to audio is limited or restricted. They can view the content in the library, a sporting event, or on a noisy bus. In other words, your content can be viewed anytime, anywhere.

It improves comprehension. Closed captioning improves comprehension and retention of media content for all viewers. When learners are able to hear and read their content, the information they are learning is more likely to end up in their long term memory banks.
Source: The Top 6 Benefits Of Closed Captioning eLearning Courses - eLearning Industry. (2018). Retrieved from https://elearningindustry.com/top-6-benefits-of-closed-captioning-elearning-courses

HOW to use Closed Captions with your students


To learn more about how to add closed captioning to You Tube videos visit the You Tube help center.

To learn more about how to use closed captioning with Google Slides presentations, visit the Google Help Center and learn how to present slides with captions

Posted by MBRENNER  On Dec 13, 2018 at 11:45 AM
  
With all the changes to the filter this year there are probably sites you want your students to use that aren't open for them right now. We need you to fill out one of 2 forms to be able to do that.
  1. If the kids need personal accounts it has to go through the Web 2.0 approval process first. Once it's approved it will be unblocked. You can start that process by filling out the form here - http://how.sacs.k12.in.us/digital_learning/web_2_0/web_2_0_review_request_form
  2. If no accounts are needed you can fill out the Unblock request form here - https://goo.gl/MfDh1F

Posted by CELLERT  On Oct 02, 2017 at 9:38 AM 9 Comments
  

As you all continue to provide immersive opportunities for kids and work to cultivate a blended learning environment, here is a quick tip for helping to meet accessibility needs when uploading videos to Youtube.

Most videos uploaded to Youtube will automatically provide Closed Captioning options as long as one specific step is taken during the upload process.

1. During the upload process, select Translations:

2. Click Select language:


3. Choose English
and check the Default for new uploads box:

Videos uploaded by other individuals may or may not include closed captioning.  Also, though the above steps may have been taken, some videos will not include captions.  While the closed captioning is not perfect, we can continue to try to make things accessible for our students.

Finally, we are investigating options for tools that will create closed captioning when recording directly in Canvas. 

Thank you for all that you do!





Posted by JKOWALSKI  On Aug 22, 2017 at 10:57 AM 12 Comments
  

THIS DOCUMENT provides screenshots of the steps to back up your courses to commons and to create Sandbox copies of current or past enrollments to be able to make edits and changes this summer.

You may also watch the following training video for the same directions:



Posted by brook.pennington  On Jun 27, 2017 at 10:34 AM 6 Comments
  

Here is a great UPDATED GUIDE which will walk you through the process of linking a PlayPosit bulb to a Canvas assignment.

Posted by brook.pennington  On Jun 27, 2017 at 10:33 AM 13 Comments
  

Thanks to HHS Assistant Principal Susan Summers for putting together this great HOW to guide for getting your CK-12 content into your Canvas course.

Posted by brook.pennington  On Jun 27, 2017 at 10:31 AM 6 Comments
  

Check out THIS DOCUMENT to see HOW you can help your students add a printer.

Posted by brook.pennington  On Jun 27, 2017 at 10:28 AM 3 Comments
  

Follow the steps on THIS DOCUMENT to fix the audio when recording in Canvas.

Posted by brook.pennington  On Jun 27, 2017 at 10:26 AM 2 Comments
  
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